Research Design and Methods
Mixed-methods research design. A rigorous complementary design that answers research questions by utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods.
- Quantitative methods. Methods such as survey research and secondary data analysis are used to examine patterns among large groups of people, specifically focusing on relationships among various factors affecting education. Statistical analyses, such as analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests, t-tests, regression, effect sizes, correlations, scale building, and non-parametric tests are often performed.
- Qualitative methods. Techniques such as intensive interviews, document review, focus groups, and observations are used to capture an in-depth understanding of participant experiences in various aspects of education.
Exploratory study. This preliminary exploration of educational programs and/or procedures enables the development of research designs that explore how those programs and procedures impact student achievement and learning.
Longitudinal study. Data for student cohorts over various time frames is analyzed to better understand how schools and educational programs progress.
Case study. A detailed investigation of a single unit of analysis (e.g, school or district) to understand the complexity and particularity of a single case and how it operates in its unique context.